1:30 pm - 2:50 pm | Room: Sinatra | Session Chair: Mila Aleksic

Low Carbon Buildings

Exploring A Multi-Faceted Approach To Design A Carbon-Neutral Passive House

The objective of this paper is to explore carbon neutral Passive House design. Passive House presents an opportunity to reduce operational carbon by a significant amount compared to a traditional building. However, as buildings become more energy efficient, the reduction of embodied carbon becomes more impactful. There is a knowledge gap in the embodied carbon impacts of more energy efficient buildings, in particular Part 3 construction. Standards such as the CaGBC Net Zero Carbon Standard outline steps for achieving carbon neutral construction. In this case study, a life cycle assessment (LCA) using OneClick LCA software is performed on three scenarios. Case 1 is a Part 3, multi-unit residential building (MURB) in Victoria, BC following business-as-usual design criteria. Case 2 uses its theoretical Passive House-compliant version as an improved design prior to Case 3, which explores the feasibility of achieving carbon neutrality by prioritizing biogenic materials. The LCA considers Stages A-D and a building lifetime of 60 years. A multi-faceted approach outlines an alternative means of potentially achieving carbon neutrality with a focus on the structural and building envelope components. Two types of wood-frame structures are compared: laminated veneer lumber with engineered wood joists and cross-laminated timber (CLT). Concrete is used for the foundation and core with high volumes of supplementary cementitious materials (SCM) added to reduce carbon emissions in the Case 3. Cellulose is explored as an alternative insulation option. Wood panels along with corten steel are explored as lower embodied-carbon cladding options. Results are compared to the baseline building with the as-designed cladding and structural materials. As seen in the results, the carbon neutral design has the lowest amount of greenhouse gases while also having the most biogenic carbon, making it the most efficient design for operational and embodied carbon.

 

speaker pic

Veronica Ochoa, RJC

 

bio coming soon

 

 


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